The civilization of Milos is considered to be as ancient as that of Crete and spans a period of at least 5000 years. Its fame spread throughout the civilized world thanks to the masterpiece of the Aphrodite of Milos (Venus de Milo) a statue found buried on the island in the 19th century (1820) and is now in the Louvres Museum in Paris.

Around 5000 B.C. Flakopi the oldest settlement on the island was in existence between 4000 and 5000 B.C.

The settlement was destroyed twice by invaders and was finally rebuilt in 800 BC in a different style. The ability to take advantage of the various mineral ores (zinc tin etc.) gave the inhabitants a plethora of tools having incredible precision for those years.

Flakopis existence is situated between the Neolithic and iron ages as many recent archaeological excavations have determined. The town was finally burnt down.The end of Flakopi came at around the same time as the Mycenaean civilization was flourishing elsewhere.It was around 1000 B.C. and at that time the Dorian invaders arrived on the island. In fact Thucydides reported in one of his books that it was for about 700 years that the Dorian's made Milos island their home. Milos became a center for artistic endeavor as shown by the wonderful statue of Aphrodite of Milos created around 400 B.C.